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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Quality of sleep and quality of life in adolescents infected with human immunodeficiency virus
Author: Gazini, Carina Caires
do Amaral Assis Reimao, Rubens Nelson
Gottochilich Rossini, Sueli Regina
Centeville, Maraisa
Mazzola, Tais Nitsch
dos Santos Vilela, Maria Marluce
Nolasco da Silva, Marcos Tadeu
Abstract: Objectives: To assess sleep characteristics of adolescents infected by HIV, and to ascertain whether psychosocial aspects are associated to the quality of sleep. Methods: A cross-sectional study assessing 102 HIV-infected adolescents of both genders, aged between 10 and 20 years-old and 120 Controls. Data collection was performed by applying the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Results: A sleep disturbance prevalence of 77.4% was found in patients, and a 75% prevalence in controls, and there was correlation between quality of sleep and of life. HIV-infected adolescents scored higher for sleep breathing disorders and had higher prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness. Conclusions: HIV-infected adolescents had similar quality of sleep compared to healthy adolescents. This may be explained by the steady improvements in daily living as a result of successful anti-retroviral therapy, and by the vulnerability that affects Brazilian adolescents living in major urban centers.
Subject: sleep
quality of life
highly active anti-retroviral therapy
Country: Brazil
Editor: Assoc Arquivos Neuro- Psiquiatria
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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