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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The occipital lobe convexity sulci and gyri
Author: Alves, Raphael V.
Ribas, Guilherme C.
Parraga, Richard G.
de Oliveira, Evandro
Abstract: Object. The anatomy of the occipital lobe convexity is so intricate and variable that its precise description is not found in the classic anatomy textbooks, and the occipital sulci and gyri are described with different nomenclatures according to different authors. The aim of this study was to investigate and describe the anatomy of the occipital lobe convexity and clarify its nomenclature. Methods. The configurations of sulci and gyri on the lateral surface of the occipital lobe of 20 cerebral hemispheres were examined in order to identify the most characteristic and consistent patterns. Results. The most characteristic and consistent occipital sulci identified in this study were the intraoccipital, transverse occipital, and lateral occipital sulci. The morphology of the transverse occipital sulcus and the intraoccipital sulcus connection was identified as the most important aspect to define the gyral pattern of the occipital lobe convexity. Conclusions. Knowledge of the main features of the occipital sulci and gyri permits the recognition of a basic configuration of the occipital lobe and the identification of its sulcal and gyral variations. (
Subject: occipital lobe
cerebral lobes
brain gyri
brain sulci
Editor: Amer Assoc Neurological Surgeons
Citation: Journal of Neurosurgery. Amer Assoc Neurological Surgeons, v.116, n.5, p.1014-1023, 2012
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.3171/2012.1.JNS11978
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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