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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Susceptibility of Argentinean Biomphalaria tenagophila and Biomphalaria straminea to infection by Schistosoma mansoni and the possibility of geographic expansion of mansoni schistosomiasis
Author: Simoes, Luciana Franceschi
Camargo, Eliana Anunciato Franco
Bastos, Leticia Duart
Neves, Maria Francisca
Carvalho, Jose Ferreira de
Magalhaes, Luiz Augusto
Zanotti-Magalhaes, Eliana Maria
Abstract: IntroductionHuman migration and the presence of natural vectors (mollusks) of Schistosoma mansoni are the primary causes of the expansion of mansoni schistosomiasis into southern areas of South America. Water conditions are favorable for the expansion of this disease because of the extensive hydrographic network, which includes the basins of the Paraná and Uruguay rivers and favors mollusk reproduction. These rivers also aid agriculture and tourism in the area. Despite these favorable conditions, natural infection by S. mansoni has not yet been reported in Argentina, Uruguay, or Paraguay.MethodTwo species of planorbid from Argentina, Biomphalaria straminea and B. tenagophila, were exposed to the miracidia of five Brazilian strains of S. mansoni.Results Biomphalaria tenagophila (Atalaya, Buenos Aires province) was infected with the SJS strain (infection rate 3.3%), confirming the experimental susceptibility of this Argentinian species. Biomphalaria straminea (Rio Santa Lucía, Corrientes province) was susceptible to two Brazilian strains: SJS (infection rate 6.7%) and Sergipe (infection rate 6.7%). ConclusionThese results demonstrate that species from Argentina have the potential to be natural hosts of S. mansoni and that the appearance of foci of mansoni schistosomiasis in Argentina is possible.
Subject: Schistosomiasis
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/0037-8682-0131-2013
Date Issue: 15-Oct-2013
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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