Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/21455
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Apresentação clínica da doença de Chagas crônica em indivíduos idosos
Title Alternative: Clinical presentation of chronic Chagas disease in elderly individuals
Author: Almeida, Eros Antonio de
Barbosa Neto, Ruy Madsen
Guariento, Maria Elena
Wanderley, Jamiro da Silva
Souza, Milton Lopes de
Abstract: This study had the aim of evaluating the clinical presentation of chronic Chagas disease among the elderly. It was a retrospective analysis of clinical records at an outpatient referral service. The sample was divided into two groups: elderly (> 60 years old) and non-elderly. Sex, comorbidities, clinical form, electrocardiogram and serological titers were evaluated. In the elderly group (61 cases), the mean age was 66.03 &plusmn; 5 years; 67.2% were female; 59% presented comorbidities (most frequently systemic arterial hypertension, in 39.3%); 1.6% had the indeterminate clinical form, 88.5% the cardiac form and 36% the digestive form; and abnormalities were frequently found on electrocardiograms: 41% presented anterosuperior left bundle branch block (AS-LBBB), 32.8% presented right bundle branch block (RBBB) and 22.9% presented ventricular ectopic beats (VEB). In the non-elderly group (61 cases), the mean age was 39.30 &plusmn; 8.36 years; 54.1% were female; 50.8% presented comorbidities (most frequently systemic arterial hypertension, in 26.2%); 18% had the indeterminate clinical form (p<0.05), 78.7% the cardiac form and 32.8% the digestive form; and abnormalities were frequently found on electrocardiogram: 24.6% presented AS-LBBB, 21.3% RBBB and 18% VEB. It was concluded that there were no clinical differences between elderly and non-elderly Chagas patients. The indeterminate clinical form predominated in patients less than 60 years old.
Com o objetivo de avaliar a apresentação clínica da doença de Chagas em idosos foi realizado estudo retrospectivo utilizando-se os prontuários de doentes atendidos em ambulatório de referência. A casuística foi dividida em idosos (> 60 anos) e não idosos. Avaliou-se: sexo, co-morbidades, forma clínica, eletrocardiograma e títulos das sorologias. Idosos (61 casos): média de idade de 66,0 &plusmn; 5 anos, 67,2% do sexo feminino; comorbidades em 59%, mais freqüente a hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS)= 39,3%; forma indeterminada= 1,6%, forma cardíaca= 88,5%, forma digestiva= 36,1%; alterações freqüentes no eletrocardiograma: bloqueio divisional ântero-superior esquerdo (BDASE)= 41%, bloqueio completo de ramo direito (BCRD)= 32,8%, extra-sístole ventricular (EV)=22,9%. Não idosos (61 casos): média de idade: 39,30&plusmn;8,36 anos, 54,1% do sexo feminino; comorbidades em 50,8%, mais freqüente a HAS (26,2%); forma indeterminada= 18% (p<0,05), forma cardíaca= 78,7%, forma digestiva= 32,8%; alterações freqüentes no eletrocardiograma: BDASE= 24,6%, BCRD= 21,3%, EV =18%. Concluindo, não houve diferenças clínicas entre indivíduos idosos e não idosos e a forma indeterminada predominou nos indivíduos abaixo dos 60 anos.
Subject: Doença de Chagas
Tripanossomíase americana
Idoso
Forma indeterminada
Eletrocardiograma
Chagas disease
American trypanosomiasis
Elderly person
Indeterminate form
Electrocardiogram
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822007000300012
Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822007000300012
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-86822007000300012
Date Issue: 1-Jun-2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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