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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Association between the C242T polymorphism in the p22phox gene with arterial stiffness in the Brazilian population
Author: Alvim, Rafael de Oliveira
Junior Lima Santos, Paulo Caleb
Dias, Rodrigo Goncalves
Rodrigues, Mariliza Velho
Cunha, Roberto de Sa
Mill, Jose Geraldo
Nadruz Junior, Wilson
Krieger, Jose Eduardo
Pereira, Alexandre Costa
Abstract: de Oliveira Alvim R, Lima Santos PCJ, Goncalves Dias R, Rodrigues MV, de Sa Cunha R, Mill JG, Junior WN, Krieger JE, Pereira AC. Association between the C242T polymorphism in the p22phox gene with arterial stiffness in the Brazilian population. Physiol Genomics 44: 587-592, 2012. First published April 10, 2012; doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00122.2011.-NADPH oxidase p22phox subunit is responsible for the production of reactive oxygen species in the vascular tissue. The C242T polymorphism in the p22phox gene has been associated with diverse coronary artery disease phenotypes, but the findings about the protective or harmful effects of the T allele are still controversial. Our main aim was to assess the effect of p22phox C242T genotypes on arterial stiffness, a predictor of late morbidity and mortality, in individuals from the general population. We randomly selected 1,178 individuals from the general population of Vitoria City, Brazil. Genotypes for the C242T polymorphism were detected by PCR-RFLP, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) values were measured with a noninvasive automatic device Complior. p22phox and TNF-alpha gene expression were quantified by real-time PCR in human arterial mammary smooth muscle cells. In both the entire and nonhypertensive groups: individuals carrying the TT genotype had higher PWV values and higher risk for increased arterial stiffness [odds ratio (OR) 1.93, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.27-2.92 and OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.07-2.95, respectively] compared with individuals carrying CC + CT genotypes, even after adjustment for covariates. No difference in the p22phox gene expression according C242T genotypes was observed. However, TNF-alpha gene expression was higher in cells from individual carrying the T allele, suggesting that this genetic marker is associated with functional phenotypes at the gene expression level. In conclusion, we suggest that p22phox C242T polymorphism is associated with arterial stiffness evaluated by PWV in the general population. This genetic association shed light on the understanding of the genetic modulation on vascular dysfunction mediated by NADPH oxidase.
Subject: pulse wave velocity
NADPH oxidase
reactive oxygen species
coronary artery disease
Editor: Amer Physiological Soc
Citation: Physiological Genomics. Amer Physiological Soc, v.44, n.10, p.587-592, 2012
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00122.2011
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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