Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/202381
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Homogeneidade e heterogeneidade nos sistemas educacionais: Argentina, Brasil, Chile e México
Title Alternative: Homogeneity and heterogeneity on education systems in Argentine, Brazil, Chile and Mexico
Author: Krawczyk, Nora Rut
Vieira, Vera Lúcia
Abstract: This study focus on the reconfiguration of educational management in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico, which was promoted by the new logic of social regulation and the new role attributed to the State, considering each country's own historicity. So, the cultural factors that interfere on the dynamics of the 90' school reform are analyzed. Aspects that show the homogeneity or heterogeneity of these reforms in the region, as well as local specificities that block out the concretization of the reform are underlined. It is shown that the historicity that characterizes the educational reform has taken, in each country, a form that can be called, in Mexico, conservative rupture; in Chile, conservative continuity; in Brazil, conservative renovation; and, in Argentina, interrupted rupture. Some conclusions about the impact of educational reform in the selected countries are recuperated through the analysis of 186 academic texts on the subject.
O estudo focaliza a reconfiguração da gestão educacional a partir da nova lógica de regulação social e do novo papel do Estado, à luz da historicidade dos países estudados (Argentina, Brasil, Chile e México), examinando os fatores culturais que interferiram na dinâmica da reforma educacional da década de 90. Aspectos que evidenciam a homogeneidade e a heterogeneidade dessa reforma na região, bem como as especificidades nacionais que intervieram em sua concretização, são destacados. Afirma que a historicidade que caracteriza a realidade educacional tem sofrido, no México, o que poderíamos denominar ruptura conservadora; no Chile, continuidade conservadora; no Brasil, renovação conservadora; e, na Argentina, ruptura interrompida. Recupera algumas conclusões alcançadas por meio da análise de 186 textos de caráter acadêmico sobre os impactos, nos países estudados, da reforma educacional da década.
Subject: SISTEMA DE EDUCAÇÃO
REFORMA DO ENSINO
ARGENTINA
BRASIL
CHILE
MÉXICO
EDUCATION SYSTEMS
EDUCATIONAL REFORM
ARGENTINA
BRAZIL
CHILE
MEXICO
Editor: Fundação Carlos Chagas
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0100-15742006000300009
Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-15742006000300009
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-15742006000300009
Date Issue: 1-Dec-2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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