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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Key Endothelial Cell Angiogenic Mechanisms Are Stimulated By The Circulating Milieu In Sickle Cell Disease And Attenuated By Hydroxyurea.
Author: Lopes, Flavia C M
Traina, Fabiola
Almeida, Camila B
Leonardo, Flavia C
Franco-Penteado, Carla F
Garrido, Vanessa T
Colella, Marina P
Soares, Raquel
Olalla-Saad, Sara T
Costa, Fernando F
Conran, Nicola
Abstract: As hypoxia-induced inflammatory angiogenesis may contribute to sickle cell disease manifestations, we compared the angiogenic molecular profiles of plasma from sickle cell disease individuals and correlated these with in vitro endothelial cell-mediated angiogenesis-stimulating activity and in vivo neovascularization. Bioplex demonstrated that plasma from steady-state sickle cell anemia patients presented elevated concentrations of pro-angiogenic factors (Angiopoietin-1, basic fibroblast growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor-D and placental growth factor) and displayed potent pro-angiogenic activity, significantly augmenting endothelial cell proliferation, migration and capillary-like structure formation. In vivo neovascularization of Matrigel plugs was significantly greater in sickle cell disease mice, compared with non-sickle cell disease mice, consistent with an upregulation of angiogenesis in the disease. In plasma from patients with hemoglobin SC disease without proliferative retinopathy, anti-angiogenic endostatin and thrombospondin-2 were significantly elevated. In contrast, plasma from hemoglobin SC individuals with proliferative retinopathy displayed a pro-angiogenic profile and had more significant effects on endothelial cell proliferation and capillary formation than plasma of patients without retinopathy. Hydroxyurea therapy was associated with significant reductions in plasma angiogenic factor profile, in association with an inhibition of endothelial cell-mediated angiogenic mechanisms and neovascularization. Thus, sickle cell anemia and retinopathic hemoglobin SC individuals present a highly angiogenic circulating milieu, capable of stimulating key endothelial cell-mediated angiogenic mechanisms. Combination anti-angiogenic therapy for preventing progression of unregulated neovascularization and associated manifestations in sickle cell disease, such as pulmonary hypertension, may be indicated; furthermore, the benefits and drawbacks of the potent anti-angiogenic effects of hydroxyurea should be clarified.
Subject: Angiogenesis
Vascular Wall Biology And Platelet Adhesion
Citation: Haematologica. , 2015-Mar.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.3324/haematol.2014.119727
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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