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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Weight Variation In Users Of Depot-medroxyprogesterone Acetate, The Levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine System And A Copper Intrauterine Device For Up To Ten Years Of Use.
Author: Modesto, Waleska
de Nazaré Silva dos Santos, Priscila
Correia, Vinicius Machado
Borges, Luiza
Bahamondes, Luis
Abstract: Data on record regarding weight variation in depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) users are controversial. To date, no studies have yet evaluated weight variation in DMPA and LNG-IUS users in up to ten years of use compared to non-hormonal contraceptive users. A retrospective study analysed weight variations in 2138 women using uninterruptedly DMPA (150 mg intramuscularly, three-monthly; n = 714), the LNG-IUS (n = 701) or a copper-intrauterine device (Cu-IUD; n = 723). At the end of the first year of use, there was a mean weight increase of 1.3 kg, 0.7 kg and 0.2 kg among the DMPA-, LNG-IUS- and Cu-IUD users, respectively, compared to weight at baseline (p < 0.0001). After ten years of use, the mean weight had risen by 6.6 kg, 4.0 and 4.9 kg among the DMPA-, LNG-IUS- and Cu-IUD users, respectively. DMPA-users had gained more weight than LNG-IUS- (p = 0.0197) and than Cu-IUD users (p = 0.0294), with the latter two groups not differing significantly from each other in this respect (p = 0.5532). Users of hormonal and non-hormonal contraceptive methods gained a significant amount of weight over the years. DMPA users gained more weight over the treatment period of up to ten years than women fitted with either a LNG-IUS or a Cu-IUD.
Subject: Copper Iud
Depot-medroxyprogesterone Acetate
Levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine System
Citation: The European Journal Of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care : The Official Journal Of The European Society Of Contraception. v. 20, n. 1, p. 57-63, 2015-Feb.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.3109/13625187.2014.951433
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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