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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: In Vivo Evaluation Of The Genetic Toxicity Of Rubus Niveus Thunb. (rosaceae) Extract And Initial Screening Of Its Potential Chemoprevention Against Doxorubicin-induced Dna Damage.
Author: Tolentino, Flora
Araújo, Priscila Alves de
Marques, Eduardo de Souza
Petreanu, Marcel
Andrade, Sérgio Faloni de
Niero, Rivaldo
Perazzo, Fábio F
Rosa, Paulo César Pires
Maistro, Edson Luis
Abstract: Rubus niveus Thunb. plant belongs to Rosaceae family and have been used traditionally to treat wounds, burns, inflammation, dysentery, diarrhea and for curing excessive bleeding during menstrual cycle. The present study was undertaken to investigate the in vivo genotoxicity of Rubus niveus aerial parts extract and its possible chemoprotection on doxorubicin (DXR)-induced DNA damage. In parallel, the main phytochemicals constituents in the extract were determined. The animals were exposed to the extract for 24 and 48h, and the doses selected were 500, 1000 and 2000mg/kg b.w. administered by gavage alone or prior to DXR (30mg/kg b.w.) administered by intraperitoneal injection. The endpoints analyzed were DNA damage in bone marrow and peripheral blood cells assessed by the alkaline alkaline (pH>13) comet assay and bone marrow micronucleus test. The results of chemical analysis of the extract showed the presence of tormentic acid, stigmasterol, quercitinglucoronide (miquelianin) and niga-ichigoside F1 as main compounds. Both cytogenetic endpoints analyzed showed that there were no statistically significant differences (p>0.05) between the negative control and the treated groups with the two higher doses of Rubus niveus extract alone, demonstrating absence of genotoxic and mutagenic effects. Aneugenic/clastogenic effect was observed only at 2000mg/kg dose. On the other hand, in the both assays and all tested doses were observed a significant reduction of DNA damage and chromosomal aberrations in all groups co-treated with DXR and extract compared to those which received only DXR. These results indicate that Rubus niveus aerial parts extract did not revealed any genotoxic effect, but presented some aneugenic/clastogenic effect at higher dose; and suggest that it could be a potential adjuvant against development of second malignant neoplasms caused by the cancer chemotherapic DXR.
Subject: Antigenotoxic Effects
Comet Assay
Genotoxic Assessment
Micronucleus Test
Rubus Niveus
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.02.013
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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