Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/202106
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Surgical Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes In Subjects With Mild Obesity: Mechanisms Underlying Metabolic Improvements.
Author: Fellici, A C
Lambert, G
Lima, M M O
Pareja, J C
Rodovalho, S
Chaim, E A
Geloneze, Bruno
Abstract: This study aims to assess the clinical and physiological effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) on type 2 diabetes associated with mild obesity (body mass index [BMI] 30-34.9 kg/m(2)) over 24 months postsurgery. In this prospective trial, 36 mildly obese subjects (19 males) with type 2 diabetes using oral antidiabetic drugs with (n = 24) or without insulin (n = 12) underwent RYGBP. Follow-up was conducted at baseline and 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postsurgery. The following endpoints were considered: changes in HbA1c, fasting glucose and insulin, antidiabetic therapy, BMI, oral glucose insulin sensitivity [OGIS, from meal tolerance test (MTT)], beta-cell secretory function [ΔCP(0-30)/ΔGlu(0-30) (ΔC-peptide/Δglucose ratio, MTT 0-30 min), disposition index (DI = OGIS [Symbol: see text] ΔCP(0-30)/ΔGlu(0-30)], glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) [incremental area under the curve (AUCi)], adiponectin, C-reactive protein, and lipids. All subjects achieved normal-to-overweight BMI after 3 months. Over 24 months, 31/36 (86 %) subjects presented HbA1c <7 % [complete and partial remission of diabetes in 9/36 (22 %) and 1/36 (3 %), respectively]. Since 3 months postsurgery, improvements were observed in OGIS [290 (174) to 373 (77) ml/min/m(2), P = 0.009], ΔCP(0-30)/ΔGlu(0-30) [0.24 (0.19) to 0.52 (0.34) ng/mg, P = 0.001], DI [7.16 (8.53) to 19.8 (15.4) (ng/mg) (ml/min/m(2)), P = 0.001], GLP-1 AUCi [0.56 (0.64) to 3.97 (3.86) ng/dl [Symbol: see text] 10 min [Symbol: see text] 103, P = 0.000], and GIP AUCi [30.2 (12.6) to 27.0 (20.2) ng/dl [Symbol: see text] 10 min [Symbol: see text] 103, P = 0.004]. At baseline and after 12 months, subjects with diabetes nonremission had longer diabetes duration, higher HbA1c, lower beta-cell secretory function, and higher first 30-min GIP AUCi, compared with those with remission. RYGBP improves the glucose metabolism in subjects with type 2 diabetes and mild obesity. This effect is associated with improvement of insulin sensitivity, beta-cell secretory function, and incretin secretion.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s11695-014-1377-9
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25098565
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
pmed_25098565.pdf459.19 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.