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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Predictors Of Silent Myocardial Ischemia In Resistant Hypertensive Patients.|
de Faria, Ana Paula
Paganelli, Maria O
Sabbatini, Andréa R
Barbaro, Natália R
Nascimento, Beatriz B
Ramos, Celso D
Calhoun, David A
|Abstract:||Hypertension is the most prevalent and significant modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease. A portion of patients with uncontrolled hypertension are considered to have resistant hypertension (RHTN). Myocardial ischemia incidence increases along with blood pressure (BP) levels. However, the prevalence of myocardial ischemia in patients with RHTN, as well as the factors associated with it, is unknown. We enrolled 129 patients with true RHTN regularly followed in our specialty hypertension clinic and evaluated then by resting and dipyridamole pharmacological stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. Patients were then divided into 2 groups: those with (I-RHTN; n = 36) and those without (NI-RHTN; n = 93) myocardial ischemia. Echocardiography, 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), and flow mediated dilation (FMD) were also evaluated. Thirty six (28%) patients had myocardial ischemia. There was no difference between groups regarding age, sex, biochemical parameters, office, and 24-hour ABPM levels. Patients in the I-RHTN group were more likely diabetic (31% vs. 11%; P < 0.05) and obese (75% vs. 40%; P < 0.001). Adjusting for age and body mass index, multiple logistic regression showed that diabetes (odds ratio (OR) = 6.5; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.06-40.14; P = 0.04), FMD (OR = 0.18; 95% CI = 0.07-0.41; P < 0.001), heart rate (OR = 1.23; 95% CI = 1.11-1.36; P < 0.001), left ventricular mass index (OR = 1.02; 95% CI = 1.01-1.04; P = 0.04), and microalbuminuria (OR = 1.02; 95% CI = 1.01-1.04; P = 0.002) were independent predictors of ischemia. In conclusion, there is a high prevalence of myocardial ischemia in patients with RHTN. Increased microalbuminuria, heart rate, endothelial dysfunction, and left ventricular mass can be useful to guide the investigation for myocardial ischemia in these high risk patients.|
Coronary Artery Disease
Target Organ Damage.
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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