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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: [factors That Influence Bone Mass Of Healthy Children And Adolescents Measured By Quantitative Ultrasound At The Hand Phalanges: A Systematic Review].
Author: Krahenbühl, Tathyane
Gonçalves, Ezequiel Moreira
Costa, Eduardo Tavares
Barros Filho, Antonio de Azevedo
Abstract: To analyze the main factors that influence bone mass in children and teenagers assessed by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of the phalanges. A systematic literature review was performed according to the PRISMA method with searches in databases Pubmed/Medline, SciELO and Bireme for the period 2001-2012, in English and Portuguese languages, using the keywords: children, teenagers, adolescent, ultrasound finger phalanges, quantitative ultrasound of phalanges, phalangeal quantitative ultrasound. 21 articles were included. Girls had, in QUS, Amplitude Dependent Speed of Sound (AD-SoS) values higher than boys during pubertal development. The values of the parameters of QUS of the phalanges and dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) increased with the increase of the maturational stage. Anthropometric variables such as age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), lean mass showed positive correlations with the values of QUS of the phalanges. Physical activity has also been shown to be positively associated with increased bone mass. Factors such as ethnicity, genetics, caloric intake and socioeconomic profile have not yet shown a conclusive relationship and need a larger number of studies. QUS of the phalanges is a method used to evaluate the progressive acquisition of bone mass during growth and maturation of individuals in school phase, by monitoring changes that occur with increasing age and pubertal stage. There were mainly positive influences in variables of sex, maturity, height, weight and BMI, with similar data when compared to the gold standard method, the DXA.
Subject: Adolescent
Bone Density
Bone Development
Densidade óssea
Desenvolvimento ósseo
Falanges Dos Dedos Da Mão
Finger Phalanges
Citation: Revista Paulista De Pediatria : Orgão Oficial Da Sociedade De Pediatria De São Paulo. v. 32, n. 3, p. 266-72, 2014-Sep.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/0103-0582201432319
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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