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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Factors Associated With The Onset Of Hypertension In Women Of 50 Years Of Age Or More In A City In Southeastern Brazil.
Author: Machado, Vanessa de Souza Santos
Valadares, Ana Lúcia Ribeiro
Costa-Paiva, Lúcia
de Sousa, Maria Helena
Pinto-Neto, Aarão Mendes
Abstract: To evaluate factors associated with hypertension in Brazilian women of 50 years of age or more. A cross-sectional population based study using self-reports. A total of 622 women were included. The association between sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral factors and the woman's age at the onset of hypertension was evaluated. Data were analyzed according to cumulative continuation rates without hypertension, using the life-table method and considering annual intervals. Next, a Cox multiple regression analysis model was adjusted to analyze the occurrence rates of hypertension according to various predictor variables. Significance level was pre-established at 5% (95% confidence level) and the sampling plan (primary sampling unit) was taken into consideration. Median age at onset of hypertension was 64.3 years. Cumulative continuation rate without hypertension at 90 years was 20%. Higher body mass index (BMI) at 20-30 years of age was associated with a higher cumulative occurrence rate of hypertension over time (coefficient=0.078; p<0.001). Being white was associated with a lower cumulative occurrence rate of hypertension over time (coefficient= -0.439; p=0.003), while smoking >15 cigarettes/day was associated with a higher rate over time (coefficient=0.485; p=0.004). The results of the present study highlight the importance of weight control in young adulthood and of avoiding smoking in preventing hypertension in women aged ≥50 years.
Citation: Revista Brasileira De Ginecologia E Obstetrícia : Revista Da Federação Brasileira Das Sociedades De Ginecologia E Obstetrícia. v. 36, n. 10, p. 467-72, 2014-Oct.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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