Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/201562
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effect Of Exercise Test On Pulmonary Function Of Obese Adolescents.
Author: Faria, Alethéa Guimarães
Ribeiro, Maria Angela G O
Marson, Fernando Augusto Lima
Schivinski, Camila Isabel S
Severino, Silvana Dalge
Ribeiro, José Dirceu
Barros Filho, Antônio A
Abstract: to investigate the pulmonary response to exercise of non-morbidly obese adolescents, considering the gender. a prospective cross-sectional study was conducted with 92 adolescents (47 obese and 45 eutrophic), divided in four groups according to obesity and gender. Anthropometric parameters, pulmonary function (spirometry and oxygen saturation [SatO2]), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), respiratory rate (RR), and respiratory muscle strength were measured. Pulmonary function parameters were measured before, during, and after the exercise test. BP and HR were higher in obese individuals during the exercise test (p = 0.0001). SatO2 values decreased during exercise in obese adolescents (p = 0.0001). Obese males had higher levels of maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressures (p = 0.0002) when compared to obese and eutrophic females. Obese males showed lower values of maximum voluntary ventilation, forced vital capacity, and forced expiratory volume in the first second when compared to eutrophic males, before and after exercise (p = 0.0005). Obese females had greater inspiratory capacity compared to eutrophic females (p = 0.0001). Expiratory reserve volume was lower in obese subjects when compared to controls (p ≤ 0,05). obese adolescents presented changes in pulmonary function at rest and these changes remained present during exercise. The spirometric and cardiorespiratory values were different in the four study groups. The present data demonstrated that, in spite of differences in lung growth, the model of fat distribution alters pulmonary function differently in obese female and male adolescents.
Subject: Adolescent
Body Mass Index
Child
Cross-sectional Studies
Exercise
Exercise Test
Female
Humans
Male
Pediatric Obesity
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Mechanics
Sex Factors
Spirometry
Time Factors
Adolescents
Adolescência
Exercise
Exercício
Função Pulmonar
Lung Function
Obesidade
Obesity
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jped.2013.08.005
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24184270
Date Issue: -1-Uns- -1
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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