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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effects Of Physical Exercise On The P38mapk/redd1/14-3-3 Pathways In The Myocardium Of Diet-induced Obesity Rats.
Author: Pieri, B L S
Souza, D R
Luciano, T F
Marques, S O
Pauli, J R
Silva, A S R
Ropelle, E R
Pinho, R A
Lira, F S
De Souza, C T
Abstract: Obesity is associated with myocardial insulin resistance and impairment of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. The activation of the mTOR cascade by exercise has been largely shown in skeletal muscle, but insufficiently analyzed in myocardial tissue. In addition, little is known regarding the mTOR upstream molecules in the hearts of obese animals and even less about the role of exercise in this process. Thus, the present study was aimed to evaluate the effects of physical exercise on P38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (P38MAPK) phosphorylation and the REDD1 (regulated in development and DNA damage responses 1) and 14-3-3 protein levels in the myocardium of diet-induced obesity (DIO) rats. After achievement of DIO and insulin resistance, Wistar rats were divided in 2 groups: sedentary obese rats and obese rats performed treadmill running (50-min/day, 5 days per week velocity of 1.0 km/h for 2 months). Forty-eight hours after the final physical exercise, the rats were killed, and the myocardial tissue was removed for Western blot analysis. DIO increased the REDD1 protein levels and reduced the 14-3-3 protein levels and P38MAPK, mTOR, P70S6k (p70 ribosomal S6 protein kinase), and 4EBP1 (4E-binding protein-1) phosphorylation. Interestingly, physical exercise reduced the REDD1 protein levels and increased the 14-3-3 protein levels and P38MAPK, mTOR, P70S6k, and 4EBP1 phosphorylation. Moreover, exercise increased the REDD1/14-3-3 association in the heart. Our results indicate that the phospho-P38MAPK, REDD1, and 14-3-3 protein levels were reduced in the myocardium of obese rats and that physical exercise increased the protein levels of these molecules.
Citation: Hormone And Metabolic Research = Hormon- Und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones Et Métabolisme. v. 46, n. 9, p. 621-7, 2014-Aug.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1371824
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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