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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Acute Liver Failure In A Term Neonate After Repeated Paracetamol Administration.
Author: Bucaretchi, Fábio
Fernandes, Carla Borrasca
Branco, Maíra Migliari
De Capitani, Eduardo Mello
Hyslop, Stephen
Caldas, Jamil Pedro S
Moreno, Carolina Araújo
Porta, Gilda
Abstract: Severe hepatotoxicity caused by paracetamol is rare in neonates. We report a case of paracetamol-induced acute liver failure in a term neonate. A 26-day-old boy was admitted with intestinal bleeding, shock signs, slight liver enlargement, coagulopathy, metabolic acidosis (pH=7.21; bicarbonate: 7.1 mEq/L), hypoglycemia (18 mg/dL), increased serum aminotransferase activity (AST=4,039 IU/L; ALT=1,087 IU/L) and hyperbilirubinemia (total: 9.57 mg/dL; direct: 6.18 mg/dL) after receiving oral paracetamol (10 mg/kg/dose every 4 hours) for three consecutive days (total dose around 180 mg/kg; serum concentration 36-48 hours after the last dose of 77 µg/ mL). Apart from supportive measures, the patient was successfully treated with intravenous N-acetylcysteine infusion during 11 consecutive days, and was discharged on day 34. The follow-up revealed full recovery of clinical and of laboratory findings of hepatic function. The paracetamol pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in neonates and infants differ substantially from those in older children and adults. Despite the reduced rates of metabolism by the P-450 CYP2E1 enzyme system and the increased ability to synthesize glutathione--which provides greater resistance after overdoses--, it is possible to produce hepatotoxic metabolites (N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone) that cause hepatocellular damage, if glutathione sources are depleted. Paracetamol clearance is reduced and the half-life of elimination is prolonged. Therefore, a particular dosing regimen should be followed due to the toxicity risk of cumulative doses. This report highlights the risk for severe hepatotoxicity in neonates after paracetamol multiple doses for more than two to three days.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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