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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Signaling Pathways Activation By Primary Endodontic Infectious Contents And Production Of Inflammatory Mediators.
Author: Martinho, Frederico C
Leite, Fabio R M
Chiesa, Wanderson M M
Nascimento, Gustavo G
Feres, Magda
Gomes, Brenda P F A
Abstract: This study investigated the bacterial community involved in primary endodontic diseases, evaluated its ability to activate the macrophage Toll-like receptor 4 receptor through p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways, and determined the levels of endotoxins and interleukins (interleukin [IL]-6 and -10) produced by endodontic content-stimulated macrophages. Samples were taken from 21 root canals by using sterile/apyrogenic paper points. Raw 264.7 macrophages were stimulated with root canal contents. Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization was used for bacterial analysis and the limulus amebocyte lysate assay for endotoxin measurement; p38 MAPK and NF-κB activation was determined by Western blot analysis. IL-6 and IL-10 were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Bacteria and endotoxins were detected in 100% of the samples (21/21). The most frequently observed species were Parvimonas micra (16/21, 76%), Fusobacterium nucleatum ssp. nucleatum (15/21, 71%), and Porphyromonas endodontalis (14/21, 66%). Correlations were found between endotoxins and IL-6 and IL-10 (P < .05); p38 phosphorylation had a peak at 60 minutes, and NF-κB was quickly activated after 10 minutes of stimulation. It was concluded that the complex bacterial community was shown to be a potent activator of TLR-4 determined by the p38 MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways, culminating in a high antigenicity against macrophages through the levels of IL-6 and IL-10, all significantly affected by endotoxin levels.
Subject: Endotoxin
Root Canal
Signaling Pathways
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2013.10.022
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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