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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The Need For Artificial Tears In Glaucoma Patients: A Comparative, Retrospective Study.
Author: Costa, Vital Paulino
da Silva, Renata Siqueira
Ambrósio, Renato
Abstract: To evaluate the need for artificial tears by glaucoma patients under topical hypotensive treatment and to identify risk factors associated with it. The charts of 175 glaucoma patients under medical treatment and 175 age-matched controls were reviewed. Age, gender, use of artificial tears, number of glaucoma medications used, and duration of treatment were recorded. Significantly more glaucoma patients (n=92; 52.6%) used artificial tears compared to age-matched controls (n=31; 17.7%) (p<0.001). Significantly more females (n=81; 39%) than males (n=42; 28.9%) used artificial tears (p=0.036). When the whole population was analyzed, female gender (OR=1.63) and the presence of glaucoma (OR= 5.14) were risk factors for the use of artificial tears (p<0.05). When the glaucoma population was analyzed, female gender (OR=2.57), number of medications >2 (OR=1.92), and duration of treatment >5 years (OR=2.93) were risk factors for the use of artificial tears (p<0.05). Topical treatment with antiglaucoma medication is a risk factor for the use of artificial tears. Female gender and long-term treatment of glaucoma with two or more medications were aggravating factors for the need for artificial tears.
Subject: Adolescent
Aged, 80 And Over
Antihypertensive Agents
Case-control Studies
Middle Aged
Ophthalmic Solutions
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Citation: Arquivos Brasileiros De Oftalmologia. v. 76, n. 1, p. 6-9
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: -1-Uns- -1
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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