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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Exopolysaccharide Matrix Of Developed Candida Albicans Biofilms After Exposure To Antifungal Agents.
Author: da Silva, Wander José
Gonçalves, Letícia Machado
Seneviratne, Jayampath
Parahitiyawa, Nipuna
Samaranayake, Lakshman Perera
Del Bel Cury, Altair Antoninha
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of fluconazole or nystatin exposure on developed Candida albicans biofilms regarding their exopolysaccharide matrix. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) against fluconazole or nystatin was determined for C. albicans reference strain (ATCC 90028). Poly(methlymethacrylate) resin (PMMA) specimens were fabricated according to the manufacturer's instructions and had their surface roughness measured. Biofilms were developed on specimens surfaces for 48 h and after that were exposed during 24 h to fluconazole or nystatin prepared in a medium at MIC, 10 x MIC or 100 x MIC. Metabolic activity was evaluated using an XTT assay. Production of soluble and insoluble exopolysaccharide and intracellular polysaccharides was evaluated by the phenol-sulfuric method. Confocal laser scanning microscope was used to evaluate biofilm architecture and percentage of dead/live cells. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5% significance level. The presence of fluconazole or nystatin at concentrations higher than MIC results in a great reduction of metabolic activity (p<0.001). At MIC or 10 x MIC, fluconazole showed high amounts of intracellular polysaccharides (p<0.05), but did not affect the exopolysaccharide matrix (p>0.05). The exposure to nystatin also did not alter the exopolysaccharide matrix at all the tested concentrations (p>0.05). Biofilm architecture was not affected by either of the antifungal agents (p>0.05). Nystatin promoted higher proportion of dead cells (p<0.05). It may be concluded that fluconazole and nystatin above the MIC concentration reduced the metabolic activity of C. albicans biofilms; however, they were not able to alter the exopolysaccharide matrix and biofilm architecture.
Subject: Antifungal Agents
Candida Albicans
Culture Media
Fungal Polysaccharides
Indicators And Reagents
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Microbial Viability
Microscopy, Confocal
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Surface Properties
Tetrazolium Salts
Time Factors
Citation: Brazilian Dental Journal. v. 23, n. 6, p. 716-22, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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