Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/200265
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Factors Associated With Complications Of Community-acquired Pneumonia In Preschool Children.
Author: Amorim, Pollyana Garcia
Morcillo, André Moreno
Tresoldi, Antônia Teresinha
Fraga, Andréa de Melo Alexandre
Pereira, Ricardo Mendes
Baracat, Emílio Carlos Elias
Abstract: To identify socioeconomic factors and clinical factors associated with the development of complications in preschool children hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). This was a prospective longitudinal study involving children (12-59 months of age) diagnosed with CAP and admitted to the pediatric wards of two hospitals in the metropolitan area of Campinas, Brazil. Children with cystic fibrosis, heart disease, pulmonary malformations, neurological disorders, or genetic diseases were excluded. The diagnosis of CAP was based on clinical and radiological findings. Data were collected from the medical records and with a semi-structured questionnaire. The subjects were divided into two groups (complicated and uncomplicated CAP). Socioeconomic and clinical variables were compared, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. Of the 63 children included, 29 and 34, respectively, presented with uncomplicated and complicated CAP. No statistically significant differences were found between the groups regarding age at admission, gestational age, birth weight, gender, or socioeconomic variables. Significant differences were found between the groups regarding history of pneumonia (p = 0.03), previous antibiotic therapy (p = 0.004), time elapsed since the onset of CAP (p = 0.01), duration of fever prior to admission (p < 0.001), duration of antibiotic therapy (p < 0.001), and length of hospital stay (p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, only duration of fever prior to admission remained in the model (OR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.36-2.84; p < 0.001). Biological variables, especially duration of fever prior to admission, appear to be associated with the development of complications in children with CAP.
Subject: Brazil
Child, Preschool
Community-acquired Infections
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Pneumonia
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23147054
Date Issue: -1-Uns- -1
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
pmed_23147054por.pdf192.44 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
pmed_23147054eng.pdf268.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.