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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor Protects Mice Against Streptozotocin-induced Type 1 Diabetes Through Socs3: The Role Of Stat1/stat3 Ratio In β-cell Death.
Author: Rezende, Luiz F
Santos, Gustavo J
Carneiro, Everardo M
Boschero, Antonio C
Abstract: Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a loss of islet β-cells. Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) protects pancreatic islets against cytokine-induced apoptosis. For this reason, we assessed whether CNTF protects mice against streptozotocin-induced diabetes (a model of type 1 diabetes) and the mechanism for this protection. WT and SOCS3 knockdown C57BL6 mice were treated for 5 days with citrate buffer or 0.1 mg/kg CNTF before receiving 80 mg/kg streptozotocin. Glycemia in non-fasted mice was measured weekly from days 0-28 after streptozotocin administration. Diabetes was defined as a blood glucose > 11.2 mmol/liter. Wild-type (WT) and SOCS3 knockdown MIN6 cells were cultured with CNTF, IL1β, or both. CNTF reduced diabetes incidence and islet apoptosis in WT but not in SOCS3kd mice. Likewise, CNTF inhibited apoptosis in WT but not in SOCS3kd MIN6 cells. CNTF increased STAT3 phosphorylation in WT and SOCS3kd mice and MIN6 cells but reduced STAT1 phosphorylation only in WT mice, in contrast to streptozotocin and IL1β. Moreover, CNTF reduced NFκB activation and required down-regulation of inducible NO synthase expression to exert its protective effects. In conclusion, CNTF protects mice against streptozotocin-induced diabetes by increasing pancreatic islet survival, and this protection depends on SOCS3. In addition, SOCS3 expression and β-cell fate are dependent on STAT1/STAT3 ratio.
Subject: Animals
Cell Line
Cell Survival
Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor
Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
Gene Expression Regulation
Insulin-secreting Cells
Mice, Knockout
Nf-kappa B
Stat1 Transcription Factor
Stat3 Transcription Factor
Suppressor Of Cytokine Signaling Proteins
Citation: The Journal Of Biological Chemistry. v. 287, n. 50, p. 41628-39, 2012-Dec.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.358788
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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