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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The Influence Of Mandibular Implant-retained Overdentures In Masticatory Efficiency.
Author: Farias Neto, Arcelino
Pereira, Brunna Moreira de Farias
Xitara, Rafael Lopes
Germano, Adriano Rocha
Ribeiro, Jaiane Augusta Medeiros
Mestriner Junior, Wilson
Carreiro, Adriana da Fonte Porto
Abstract: To evaluate the masticatory efficiency of patients rehabilitated with conventional dentures (CDs) or implant-retained mandibular overdentures. Despite the evident benefits of implants on mastication as assessed by subjective patient-based outcomes, the extent of implant overdenture treatment effect on food comminution is not well established. A randomised clinical trial was carried out with 29 completely edentulous patients divided into two groups. The first group was rehabilitated with a mandibular overdenture retained by two splinted implants with bar-clip system, while the second group was rehabilitated with a mandibular CD. Both groups also were rehabilitated with maxillary CDs. Masticatory efficiency and patient satisfaction were assessed 3 months after denture insertion. Masticatory efficiency was evaluated through the colorimetric method with the beads as the artificial test-food. Comparisons for masticatory efficiency and patient satisfaction were performed using Student's t-test (α = 0.05). No significant statistical difference was found for masticatory efficiency (p = 0.198). Patient overall satisfaction was significantly higher for the mandibular overdenture (p < 0.001). In addition, mandibular overdenture patients were significantly more satisfied with chewing experience (p < 0.05) and retention of the lower denture (p < 0.005). The results of this study suggest that mandibular overdenture significantly improves chewing experience, although limited effect on masticatory efficiency has been observed.
Subject: Acrylates
Coloring Agents
Dental Implants
Dental Prosthesis, Implant-supported
Denture Design
Denture Retention
Denture, Complete, Lower
Denture, Complete, Upper
Denture, Overlay
Esthetics, Dental
Follow-up Studies
Middle Aged
Pain Measurement
Patient Satisfaction
Rosaniline Dyes
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00539.x
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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