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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Decreased Mhc I Expression In Ifn γ Mutant Mice Alters Synaptic Elimination In The Spinal Cord After Peripheral Injury.
Author: Victório, Sheila C S
Cartarozzi, Luciana P
Hell, Rafaela C R
Oliveira, Alexandre L R
Abstract: The histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I expression in the central nervous system (CNS) regulates synaptic plasticity events during development and adult life. Its upregulation may be associated with events such as axotomy, cytokine exposition and changes in neuron electrical activity. Since IFNγ is a potent inducer of the MHC I expression, the present work investigated the importance of this pro-inflammatory cytokine in the synaptic elimination process in the spinal cord, as well as the motor recovery of IFN⁻/⁻, following peripheral injury. The lumbar spinal cords of C57BL/6J (wild type) and IFNγ⁻/⁻ (mutant) mice, subjected to unilateral sciatic nerve transection, were removed and processed for immunohistochemistry and real time RT-PCR, while the sciatic nerves from animals subjected to unilateral crush, were submitted to immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy for counting of the axons. Gait recovery was monitored using the Cat Walk system. Newborn mice astrocyte primary cultures were established in order to study the astrocytic respose in the absence of the IFNγ expression. IFNγ⁻/⁻ mutant mice showed a decreased expression of MHC I and β2-microglobulin mRNA coupled with reduced synaptophysin immunolabelling in the lesioned spinal cord segment. Following unilateral nerve transection, the Iba-1 (ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1) and glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) reactivities increased equally in both strains. In vitro, the astrocytes demonstrated similar GFAP levels, but the proliferation rate was higher in the wild type mice. In the crushed nerves (distal stump), neurofilaments and p75NTR immunolabeling were upregulated in the mutant mice as compared to the wild type and an improvement in locomotor recovery was observed. The present results show that a lack of IFNγ affects the MHC I expression and the synaptic elimination process in the spinal cord. Such changes, however, do not delay peripheral nerve regeneration after nerve injury.
Subject: Animals
Animals, Newborn
Cells, Cultured
Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
Mice, Inbred C57bl
Mice, Knockout
Nerve Crush
Nerve Regeneration
Sciatic Neuropathy
Spinal Cord
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1186/1742-2094-9-88
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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