Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/199820
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Liposomal Delivery System For Topical Anaesthesia Of The Palatal Mucosa.
Author: Franz-Montan, M
de Paula, E
Groppo, F C
Silva, A L R
Ranali, J
Volpato, M C
Abstract: An effective topical agent to reduce pain during local anaesthesia of the palate is not yet available. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency of liposome-encapsulated ropivacaine in different concentrations for topical anaesthesia of the palatal mucosa. In this single-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover study 40 (20 male) healthy volunteers were randomised to be given: liposome-encapsulated 2% ropivacaine, liposome-encapsulated 1% ropivacaine, a eutectic mixture of 2.5% lidocaine and 2.5% prilocaine (EMLA), and liposomal placebo gel, topically on to the palatal mucosa of the right canine region for 5 min each, at four different sessions. Pain associated with insertion of a 30G needle, and with injection of a local anaesthetic, was rated on a visual analogue scale (VAS). The effect of liposomal ropivacaine 1% and 2% did not differ from that of placebo (p=0.3 and p=0.1, respectively) in reducing pain during insertion of the needle. Lower VAS were obtained with EMLA. In this group VAS were lower in women than men (p=0.007). There was no difference in VAS among groups (p=0.3) as far as injection of the local anaesthetic was concerned. In conclusion, liposomal-encapsulated ropivacaine formulations did not reduce the pain of insertion of a needle into the palatal mucosa. None of the anaesthetic formulations tested, including the positive control (EMLA), were effective in reducing the pain of an injection of local anaesthetic compared with placebo.
Subject: Administration, Topical
Adult
Amides
Anesthesia, Dental
Anesthetics, Combined
Anesthetics, Local
Cross-over Studies
Female
Humans
Injections
Lidocaine
Liposomes
Male
Mouth Mucosa
Needles
Pain
Pain Measurement
Palate
Placebos
Prilocaine
Sex Factors
Single-blind Method
Young Adult
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2010.10.018
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21106282
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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