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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Expression Of Renin-angiotensin System Signalling Compounds In Maternal Protein-restricted Rats: Effect On Renal Sodium Excretion And Blood Pressure.
Author: Mesquita, Flávia Fernandes
Gontijo, José Antonio Rocha
Boer, Patrícia Aline
Abstract: Intrauterine growth restriction due to low maternal dietary protein during pregnancy is associated with retardation of foetal growth, renal alterations and adult hypertension. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a coordinated hormonal cascade in the control of cardiovascular, renal and adrenal function that governs body fluid and electrolyte balance, as well as arterial pressure. In the kidney, all the components of the renin-angiotensin system including angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors are expressed locally during nephrogenesis. Hence, we investigated whether low protein diet intake during pregnancy altered kidney and adrenal expression of AT1(R) and AT2(R) receptors, their pathways and if the modified expression of the RAS compounds occurs associated with changes in urinary sodium and in arterial blood pressure in sixteen-week-old males' offspring of the underfed group. The pregnancy dams were divided in two groups: with normal protein diet (pups named NP) (17% protein) or low protein diet (pups LP) (6% protein) during all pregnancy. The present data confirm a significant enhancement in arterial pressure in the LP group. Furthermore, the study showed a significantly decreased expression of RAS pathway protein and Ang II receptors in the kidney and an increased expression in the adrenal of LP rats. The detailed immunohistochemical analysis of RAS signalling proteins in the kidney confirm the immunoblotting results for both groups. The present investigation also showed a pronounced decrease in fractional urinary sodium excretion in maternal protein-restricted offspring, compared with the NP age-matched group. This occurred despite unchanged creatinine clearance. The current data led us to hypothesize that foetal undernutrition could be associated with decreased kidney expression of AT(R) resulting in the inability of renal tubules to handle the hydro-electrolyte balance, consequently causing arterial hypertension.
Subject: Animals
Blood Pressure
Diet, Protein-restricted
Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Rats, Wistar
Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2
Renin-angiotensin System
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfp505
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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