Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/198846
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Reduction Of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Via Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Prevents The Oxidative Retinal Damage In Diabetic Hypertensive Rats.
Author: Silva, Kamila C
Rosales, Mariana A B
de Faria, José B Lopes
de Faria, Jacqueline M Lopes
Abstract: To investigate if nitric oxide (NO) system contributes to the beneficial effect of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)) blocker losartan in the retina of diabetic spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Diabetic SHR were randomized to receive oral treatment with losartan (DM-SHRLos). After 20 days, the rats were euthanized and the retinas collected. Diabetic SHR rats exhibited a significant increase in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and decrease in occludin, markers of early diabetic retinopathy (DR). The oxidative status, evaluated by NO end-products (NO(x)(-)) levels along with the antioxidative system superoxide dismutase, revealed an accentuated imbalance in favor to oxidants in DM-SHR leading to a higher tyrosine nitration and DNA damage. The inducible NO synthase (iNOS) was also elevated in DM-SHR rats. The treatment with losartan ameliorated all of the above alterations. Oral treatment with losartan reduces iNOS expression and reestablishes the redox status, thus ameliorating the early markers of DR in a model of diabetes and hypertension.
Subject: Administration, Oral
Angiotensin Ii Type 1 Receptor Blockers
Animals
Biological Markers
Deoxyguanosine
Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
Diabetic Retinopathy
Down-regulation
Losartan
Male
Nitrates
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type Ii
Nitrites
Osmolar Concentration
Oxidation-reduction
Rats
Rats, Inbred Shr
Retina
Superoxide Dismutase
Tyrosine
Up-regulation
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.3109/02713681003664923
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20465447
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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