Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/198390
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Nitrite Reduction And Superoxide-dependent Nitric Oxide Degradation By Arabidopsis Mitochondria: Influence Of External Nad(p)h Dehydrogenases And Alternative Oxidase In The Control Of Nitric Oxide Levels.
Author: Wulff, Alfredo
Oliveira, Halley Caixeta
Saviani, Elzira Elisabeth
Salgado, Ione
Abstract: Mitochondria recently have emerged as important sites in controlling NO levels within the cell. In this study, the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) from nitrite and its degradation by mitochondria isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana were examined. Oxygen and NO concentrations in the reaction medium were measured with specific electrodes. Nitrite inhibited the respiration of isolated A. thaliana mitochondria, in competition with oxygen, an effect that was abolished or potentiated when electron flow occurred via alternative oxidase (AOX) or cytochrome c oxidase (COX), respectively. The production of NO from nitrite was detected electrochemically only under anaerobiosis because of a superoxide-dependent process of NO degradation. Electron leakage from external NAD(P)H dehydrogenases contributed the most to NO degradation as higher rates of Amplex Red-detected H(2)O(2) production and NO consumption were observed in NAD(P)H-energized mitochondria. Conversely, the NO-insensitive AOX diminished electron leakage from the respiratory chain, allowing the increase of NO half-life without interrupting oxygen consumption. These results show that the accumulation of nitric oxide derived from nitrite reduction and the superoxide-dependent mechanism of NO degradation in isolated A. thaliana mitochondria are influenced by the external NAD(P)H dehydrogenases and AOX, revealing a role for these alternative proteins of the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the control of NO levels in plant cells.
Subject: Arabidopsis
Arabidopsis Proteins
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Electron Transport Complex Iii
Electron Transport Complex Iv
Mitochondria
Mitochondrial Proteins
Nad
Nadh Dehydrogenase
Nitric Oxide
Nitrites
Oxidoreductases
Oxygen
Plant Proteins
Superoxides
Citation: Nitric Oxide : Biology And Chemistry / Official Journal Of The Nitric Oxide Society. v. 21, n. 2, p. 132-9, 2009-Sep.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.niox.2009.06.003
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19576290
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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