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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Comparative Analysis Of Endodontic Pathogens Using Checkerboard Hybridization In Relation To Culture.
Author: Vianna, M E
Horz, H-P
Conrads, G
Feres, M
Gomes, B P F A
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to detect bacterial species and to quantify the total number of bacteria from samples of infected root canals before (S1) and after chemo-mechanical preparation using 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gel as auxiliary chemical substance (S2) and after 7 days of intracanal dressing (S3) to compare microbial changes. Twenty-four teeth were selected for this study. Chemo-mechanical preparation was performed using 2% CHX gel, then three different intracanal medicaments [M1: Ca(OH)(2) paste; M2: 2% CHX gel; and M3: Ca(OH)(2) paste plus 2% CHX gel] were used for 7 days. Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization was performed to detect 40 bacterial species. Aerobic and anaerobic culture techniques were used to determine the bacterial community by counting the colony-forming units (CFU). The species most frequently identified by checkerboard in S1 were: Fusobacterium nucleatum ssp. polymorphum, Treponema socranskii ssp. socranskii, Parvimonas micra and Enterococcus faecalis. In S2 and S3 a total of eight different species were identified; and only one of them was gram-positive (E. faecalis). Microorganisms were not identified after use of M2 for 7 days. The quantification obtained on agar plates ranged from 4 x 10(5) to 2.6 x 10(6) CFU/ml in S1, mean CFU was reduced by 99.96% in S2, and there was no statistical difference between the CFU in S2 and S3. The antibacterial effect of the mechanical preparation supplemented by the use of an antibacterial auxiliary substance greatly reduced the microorganisms in the main root canal.
Subject: Adolescent
Anti-infective Agents, Local
Calcium Hydroxide
Colony Count, Microbial
Dna, Bacterial
Dental Pulp Cavity
Dental Pulp Necrosis
Drug Combinations
Enterococcus Faecalis
Fusobacterium Nucleatum
Middle Aged
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
Periapical Periodontitis
Root Canal Irrigants
Root Canal Preparation
Citation: Oral Microbiology And Immunology. v. 23, n. 4, p. 282-90, 2008-Aug.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-302X.2007.00425.x
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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