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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effect Of Congenital Blindness On Emg Activity Of The Facial Muscles.
Author: Tosello, D O
Vitti, M
Siéssere, S
Santos, C M
Verri, E D
Hallak, J E C
Semprini, M
Cecilio, F A
Regalo, S C H
Abstract: The aim of this work was to analyze electromyographically the facial muscles: orbicularis oris (upper and lower fascicles), orbicularis oculi (right and left lateral portions) and frontal, in blind and clinically normal (control) individuals, in various clinical conditions. Electromyographic averages of all data collected were normalized by maximal voluntary contraction of the studied muscles and statistical analysis was performed by Student's t test, using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software--SPSS 12.0 (Chicago, IL). It was found that electromyographic alterations occur in the facial musculature that influences facial expressions of individuals. Results for the orbicularis oris muscle demonstrated that myoelectric activity among blind and control subjects was greater for the control group at muscular rest, blowing, and in labial projection. Electromyographic analysis of the orbicularis oculi among blind and control subjects in three clinical conditions studied demonstrated that activity was greater for the control group at muscular rest, blinking, and forced blinking. For the frontal muscles were demonstrated that electromyographic activity was greater for blind individuals. These data suggest the influence of congenital blindness on muscular development, including alterations in electromyographic activity of skin musculature in individuals with visual impairment.
Subject: Adolescent
Facial Expression
Facial Muscles
Citation: Electromyography And Clinical Neurophysiology. v. 48, n. 2, p. 117-24, 2008-Mar.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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