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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Fixed Holograms In Iron-doped Lithium Niobate: Simultaneous Self-stabilized Recording And Compensation.
Author: Frejlich, Jaime
de Oliveira, Ivan
Arizmendi, Luis
Carrascosa, Mercedes
Abstract: We analyze the mechanisms leading to a highly diffractive fixed hologram in photorefractive Fe-doped lithium niobate crystals by simultaneous self-stabilized holographic recording and compensation at moderately high temperatures. We show that a partially compensated running hologram is produced during recording under this condition and discuss the performance of the process in terms of the operating temperature, the degree of oxidation ([Fe(3+)]/[Fe(2+)] ratio) of the sample, and the effect of the absorption grating arising from the spatial modulation of the Fe(2+) concentration produced during photorefractive recording. We experimentally measure the evolution of the uncompensated remaining hologram during recording and the evolution of the diffraction efficiency of the fixed hologram during white-light development and show that the maximum fixed grating modulation to be achieved is roughly limited by Fe-dopant saturation. A reproducible eta approximately 66% efficiency fixed grating was obtained on a sample exhibiting an otherwise maximum fixed eta approximately 3% when using the classical three-step (recording at room temperature--compensating at high temperature--developing at room temperature) process.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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