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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Isomaltulose Production Using Free Cells: Optimisation Of A Culture Medium Containing Agricultural Wastes And Conversion In Repeated-batch Processes.
Author: Kawaguti, Haroldo Y
Buzzato, Michele F
Sato, Hélia H
Abstract: The enzyme glucosyltransferase is an industrially important enzyme since it produces non-cariogenic isomaltulose (6-O-alpha-D-glucopyronosyl-1-6-D-fructofuranose) from sucrose by intramolecular transglucosylation. The experimental designs and response surface methodology (RSM) were applied for the optimisation of the nutrient concentrations in the culture medium for the production of glucosyltransferase by Erwinia sp. D12 in shaken flasks at 200 rpm and 30 degrees C. A statistical analysis of the results showed that, in the range studied, the factors had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on glucosyltransferase production and the highest enzyme activity (10.84 U/ml) was observed in culture medium containing sugar cane molasses (150 g l(-1)), corn steep liquor (20 g l(-1)), yeast extract Prodex Lac SD (15 g l(-1)) and K2HPO4 (0.5 g l(-1)) after 8 h at 30 degrees C. The production of cell biomass by the strain of Erwinia sp. D12 was carried out in a 6.6-l fermenter with a mixing rate of 200 rpm and an aeration rate of 1 vvm. Fermentation time, cellular growth, medium pH and glucosyltransferase production were observed. The greatest glucosyltransferase activity was 22.49 U/ml, obtained after 8 h of fermentation. The isomaltulose production from sucrose was performed using free Erwinia sp. D12 cells in a batch process using an orbital shaker. The influence of the parameters sucrose concentration, temperature, pH, and cell concentration on the conversion of sucrose into isomaltulose was studied. The free cells showed a high conversion rate of sucrose into isomaltulose using batch fermentation, obtaining an isomaltulose yield of 72.11% from sucrose solution 35% at 35 degrees C.
Subject: Biomass
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Crops, Agricultural
Culture Media
Hydrogen-ion Concentration
Industrial Microbiology
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s10295-006-0194-0
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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