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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Halitosis--an Assessment Protocol Proposal.
Author: Dal Rio, Ana Cristina Coelho
Nicola, Ester Maria Danielli
Teixeira, Antônio Roberto Franchi
Abstract: Halitosis is an embarrassing symptom with a significant social impact. Halitosis affects millions of people worldwide and many resources are spent annually in products to improve halitus, unsuccessfully. The study of halitosis in a scientific basis is justified once halitosis causes social restriction, decreases life quality and may be an indication of serious diseases. To elaborate a protocol for halitosis assessment in order to minimize costs, avoid unnecessary tests and provide a guideline for diagnosis. The protocol was created based on the literature and on the authors personal experiences, adopting an evidence-based anamnesis. There are many causes of halitosis and most of them are related to the oral cavity; others are related to otolaryngologic and respiratory diseases. Gastrointestinal diseases, liver/renal impairment and other metabolic syndromes are less frequent, but also important causes of halitosis. There are important costs involved in halitosis assessment and treatment, including medical appointments, specialist assessment, and complementary tests. Such costs would be minimized by adopting a protocol of evidence-based anamnesis and a flowchart for a rational clinical investigation.
Subject: Clinical Protocols
Evidence-based Medicine
Medical History Taking
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: -1-Uns- -1
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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