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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Carbohydrate Clustering In Aqueous Solutions And The Dynamics Of Confined Water.
Author: Sonoda, Milton T
Skaf, Munir S
Abstract: We use molecular dynamics simulations to investigate structure and dynamics of fructose aqueous solutions in the 1-5 M concentration range at ambient conditions. We analyze hydration structures, H-bond statistics, and size distribution of H-bonded carbohydrate clusters as functions of concentration. We find that the local tetrahedral order of water is reasonably well-preserved and that the solute tends to appear as scattered isolated molecules at low concentrations and as H-bonded clusters for less diluted solutions. The sugar cluster size distribution exhibits a sharp transition to a percolated cluster between 3.5 and 3.8 M. The percolated cluster forms an intertwined network of H-bonded saccharides that imprisons water. For the dynamics, we find good agreement between simulation and available experimental results for the self-diffusion coefficients. Water librational dynamics is little affected by sugar concentration, whereas reorientational relaxation is described by a concentration-independent bulk-like component attributed to noninterfacial water molecules and a slower component (strongly concentration dependent) that arises from interfacial solvent molecules and, hence, depends on the dynamics of the cluster structure itself. Analysis of H-bonding survival probability functions indicates that the formation of carbohydrate clusters upon increasing concentration enhances the H-bond relaxation time and slows down the entire system dynamics. We find that multiexponential or stretched-exponential fits alone cannot describe the H-bond survival probabilities for the entire postlibrational time span of our data (0.1-100 ps), as opposed to a combined stretched-plus-biexponential function, which provides excellent fits. Our results suggest that water dynamics in concentrated fructose solutions resembles in many ways that of protein hydration water.
Subject: Carbohydrates
Computer Simulation
Free Radicals
Hydrogen Bonding
Indicator Dilution Techniques
Models, Molecular
Molecular Structure
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/jp0749120
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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