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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effect Of The Increase Of Energy Density On Knoop Hardness Of Dental Composites Light-cured By Conventional Qth, Led And Xenon Plasma Arc.
Author: Correr, Américo Bortolazzo
Sinhoreti, Mário Alexandre Coelho
Sobrinho, Lourenço Correr
Tango, Rubens Nisie
Schneider, Luis Felipe Jochims
Consani, Simonides
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the increase of energy density on Knoop hardness of Z250 and Esthet-X composite resins. Cylindrical cavities (3 mm in diameter X 3 mm in depth) were prepared on the buccal surface of 144 bovine incisors. The composite resins were bulk-inserted and polymerized using different light-curing units and times: conventional QTH (quartz-tungsten-halogen; 700 mW/cm(2); 20 s, 30 s and 40 s); LED (light-emitting diode; 440 mW/cm(2); 20 s, 30 s and 40 s); PAC (xenon plasma arc; 1700 mW/cm(2); 3 s, 4.5 s and 6 s). The specimens were stored at 37 degrees C for 24 h prior to sectioning for Knoop hardness assessment. Three measurements were obtained for each depth: top surface, 1 mm and 2 mm. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05). Regardless of the light source or energy density, Knoop hardness of Z250 was statistically significant higher than that of Esthet-X (p<0.05). Specimens cured with PAC had lower hardness than those cured with QTH and LED (p<0.05). Higher Knoop hardness was obtained when the energy density was increased for LED and PAC (p<0.05). No statistically significant differences (p>0.05) were found for QTH. Knoop hardness values decreased with the increase of depth. The increase of energy density produced composites with higher Knoop hardness means using LED and PAC.
Subject: Animals
Composite Resins
Curing Lights, Dental
Dental Cavity Preparation
Dental Materials
Light-curing Of Dental Adhesives
Surface Properties
Time Factors
Citation: Brazilian Dental Journal. v. 16, n. 3, p. 218-24, 2005.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: /S0103-64402005000300009
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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