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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effects Of Hene Laser Irradiation On Experimental Paracoccidioidomycotic Lesions.
Author: Ferreira, Maria Carolina
Brito, Vânia Nieto
Gameiro, Jacy
Costa, Maria Renata Salles Nogueira
Vasconcellos, Elza Costa Cruz
Cruz-Hofling, Maria Alice
Verinaud, Liana
Abstract: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is the most prevalent human mycosis in Latin America. The infection is thought to take place firstly in the lungs and then may disseminate to other organs and tissues. Treatment by currently available antifungals is lengthy, the drugs may have undesirable side effects, and some are costly. Occasional resistant strains of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, the causative agent of PCM, have been reported. So, the search for more efficient treatments or adjuvant therapies has to be continued. In this work, we evaluated the effects of HeNe laser irradiation on cutaneous inflammatory lesions caused by the inoculation of 5 x 10(6)/0.1ml yeasts cells into the back footpad of Balb/c mice. HeNe irradiation (lambda=632.8nm, 3mW, incident energy of 3J/cm(2)) was applied at days 7, 8 and 9 post-infection and histological and immunohistochemical analysis were done. Unirradiated animals were used as controls. The results showed that laser-treated mice presented reduction of footpad edema, faster cutaneous wound healing, confluent granuloma, diffuse- and more loosely distributed immunolabeling for TNF-alpha, enhanced labeling of IFN-gamma and any P. brasiliensis form detected, whereas multiple viable fungi were seen in diffuse widespread granulomas obtained from non-treated mice foot-pad. Fungi that were harvested from laser-treated animals presented no capability of growth in vitro as compared to those obtained from non-treated mice. We conclude that HeNe laser irradiation was able to inhibit the progress of inflammatory local reaction produced by P. brasiliensis infection and influence local cytokines production. We suggest that this treatment modality can be a useful coadjuvant tool to be combined with antifungal agents in the treatment of PCM ulcerations. The mechanisms involved in laser therapy of PCM lesions need further investigation.
Subject: Animals
Mice, Inbred Balb C
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2006.02.011
Date Issue: 2006
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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