Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/196447
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Surveillance Of Cytomegalovirus Infection In Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients.
Author: Bonon, Sandra H A
Menoni, Silvia M F
Rossi, Cláudio L
De Souza, Cármino A
Vigorito, Afonso C
Costa, Daniel B
Costa, Sandra C B
Abstract: The aim of this study was to describe our experience in the control of active CMV infection following HSCT using two strategies of CMV infection treatment: ganciclovir universal prophylaxis at low doses and pre-emptive therapy with ganciclovir. The surveillance was based on the monitoring of antigenaemia (AGM) and on a nested polymerase chain reaction (N-PCR) for the detection of CMV in both strategies. Forty-five recipients with malignant diseases and with a risk for CMV disease received universal prophylaxis (Group A). The non-treated group consisted of 24 patients, most of them with non-malignant diseases who did not receive universal prophylaxis (Group B). In Group A, the incidence of positive AGM was 51%, with a positive PCR of 68.9%. In Group B, the AGM positivity was 66.7% and that of N-PCR was 66.7%. CMV disease occurred in 6/55 patients (10.9%), with 2/36 (5.5%) from Group A and 4/19 (21%) from Group B. Two of these six patients (33.3%) died of CMV disease. Our result suggests that AGM and N-PCR can be used as markers for assessing the monitoring and the introduction pre-emptive therapy. This approach could prove to be more cost-effective than ganciclovir universal prophylaxis for treating CMV infection.
Subject: Adolescent
Adult
Antiviral Agents
Child
Child, Preschool
Cytomegalovirus
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Female
Ganciclovir
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Phosphoproteins
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Population Surveillance
Viral Matrix Proteins
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2003.11.010
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15667914
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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