Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/195786
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: [use Of Psychotropics Drugs Among Students: Prevalence And Associated Social Factors].
Author: Soldera, Meire
Dalgalarrondo, Paulo
Corrêa Filho, Heleno Rodrigues
Silva, Cleide A M
Abstract: To determine the prevalence of the heavy use of drugs among elementary and high school students in a sample of public and private schools, and to identify associated demographic, psychological, cultural and social factors. This report describes a cross-sectional study using an intention-type sampling technique that compared public schools in central and peripheral areas and private schools. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was applied. The sample consisted of 2,287 elementary and high school students in the city of Campinas in 1998. Heavy use of drugs was defined as the use of drugs on 20 or more days during the 30 days preceding the survey (WHO, 1981). For the statistical analysis, polytomic logistic regression analysis (logit model) was utilized to identify factors that influenced this manner of using drugs. Heavy use of legal and illegal drugs was found as follows: alcohol (11.9%), tobacco (11.7%), marijuana (4.4%), solvents (1.8%), cocaine (1.4%), medications (1.1%) and ecstasy (0.7%). The heavy use of drugs was greatest among students at the city-center public school who had daytime jobs and studied in the evenings. These students were in the A and B socioeconomic classes and had had little religious education during childhood. Greater availability of cash and specific socialization patterns were identified as factors associated with the heavy use of drugs among students.
Subject: Adolescent
Adult
Brazil
Child
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Male
Psychotropic Drugs
Socioeconomic Factors
Students
Substance-related Disorders
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15122385
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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