Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/195552
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Pharmacological Characterization Of The Presynaptic Activity Of Tityus Serrulatus Venom In The Rat Anococcygeus Muscle.
Author: Teixeira, Cleber E
Priviero, Fernanda B M
Okuyama, Cristina E
De Nucci, Gilberto
Antunes, Edson
Abstract: Scorpion venoms are known to cause peripheral nerve stimulation with enhanced autonomic responses. This study, therefore, examined the effects of Tityus serrulatus venom (TSV) on adrenergic, cholinergic and nitrergic nerve fibers using the rat anococcygeus muscle. The contractile effects of TSV (1 microg/ml) and electrical field stimulation were markedly reduced by phentolamine (5 microM), prazosin (0.1 microM), guanethidine (30 microM) and tetrodotoxin (TTX, 1 microM), whereas imipramine (3 microM) enhanced these responses. The responses to tyramine (10 microM) were partially reduced by guanethidine and completely blocked by phentolamine, prazosin and imipramine. Atropine (1 microM) fully prevented carbachol (CCh, 30 microM)-induced contractions without affecting those mediated by TSV. Neostigmine significantly potentiated TSV-and ACh-evoked contractions, whereas hexamethonium had no effect. The relaxant responses induced by EFS and TSV (3 microg/ml) were completely blocked by L-NAME (100 microM), ODQ (1 microM) or TTX (1 microM). Addition of L-arginine (1 mM) reversed the effect of L-NAME. Thus, the motor and inhibitory responses of TSV in the rat anococcygeus muscle are mediated by prejunctional mechanisms dependent on Na(+) channel activation, causing the stimulation of NA and NO release from adrenergic and nitrergic nerve fibers, respectively.
Subject: Adrenergic Alpha-antagonists
Animals
Atropine
Carbachol
Cholinergic Antagonists
Electric Stimulation
Guanethidine
Imipramine
Male
Muscarinic Antagonists
Muscle Contraction
Muscle, Skeletal
Nitrergic Neurons
Phentolamine
Prazosin
Presynaptic Terminals
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Scorpion Venoms
Scorpions
Tetrodotoxin
Tyramine
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14529726
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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