Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/195532
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Phenotype And Genotype Correlation Of The Microconversion From The Cyp21a1p To The Cyp21a2 Gene In Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.
Author: Torres, N
Mello, M P
Germano, C M R
Elias, L L K
Moreira, A C
Castro, M
Abstract: Deficiency of 21-hydroxylase is the most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH-21OH). We determined by allele-specific PCR the frequency of microconversion in the CYP21A2 gene in 50 Brazilian patients with the classical (salt wasting: SW and simple virilizing: SV) forms and nonclassical (NC) form of CAH-21OH and correlated genotype with phenotype. Genotypes were classified into three mutation groups (A, B, and C) based on the amount of enzymatic activity in in vitro studies using adrenal cells. In 94 unrelated alleles, we diagnosed 76% of the affected alleles after screening for 7 microconversions. The most frequent point mutations observed in this series were I172N (19%), V281L (18%), and IVS2,A/C>G,-12 (15%). In the SW form, the most frequent mutation was IVS2,A/C>G,-12 (38%), in the SV form it was I172N (53%), and in the NC form it was V281L (57.7%). We observed a good correlation between genotype and phenotype. Discordance between genotype and phenotype was found in one SV patient with a mild mutation in one of the alleles (R356W/V281L). However, we cannot rule out the presence of an additional mutation in these alleles. We also observed a good correlation of genotype with 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, testosterone, and androstenedione levels. The severity of external genitalia virilization correlated with the severity of mutation. In conclusion, the frequencies described in the present study did not differ from worldwide studies, including the Brazilian population. The few differences observed may reflect individual sample variations. This new Brazilian cohort study suggests the presence of new mutations in Brazilian patients with different forms of CAH-21OH.
Subject: Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital
Alleles
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Female
Gene Conversion
Genotype
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Phenotype
Point Mutation
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Steroid 21-hydroxylase
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14502362
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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