Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/195507
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Evaluation Of Time Required For Recontamination Of Coronally Sealed Canals Medicated With Calcium Hydroxide And Chlorhexidine.
Author: Gomes, B P F A
Sato, E
Ferraz, C C R
Teixeira, F B
Zaia, A A
Souza-Filho, F J
Abstract: To determine in vitro the time required for recontamination of coronally sealed canals medicated with either calcium hydroxide (CaOH2), 2% chlorhexidine gel (CG) or with a combination of both. Eighty intact, caries-free, premolar teeth with straight roots and mature apices were selected for the study. After biomechanical preparation of 75 teeth, they were randomly divided into nine groups according to the intracanal medicament and the coronal seal with 'Intermediate Restorative Material' (IRM) as follows: (i) 10 teeth medicated with CG, coronally unsealed; (ii) 10 teeth medicated with CaOH2, coronally unsealed; (iii) 10 teeth medicated with CaOH2 + CG, coronally unsealed; (iv) 10 teeth medicated with CG + coronal seal; (v) 10 teeth medicated with CaOH2 + coronal seal; (vi) 10 teeth medicated with CG + CaOH2 + coronal seal; (vii) 10 teeth without intracanal medicament and coronally sealed; (viii) 5 teeth without intracanal medicament and coronally unsealed, used as the positive control group (PC); (ix) 5 teeth with intact crowns used as the negative control group (NC). Glass flasks were filled with Brain Heart Infusion broth (BHI), so that only the root apex was in contact with the broth, while the crown was immersed in human saliva + BHI (3:1). The flasks were then incubated at 37 degrees C in an atmosphere of 10% CO2, and microbial growth was checked daily. All specimens of the PC showed contamination within 1 day of incubation, while the NC showed no evidence of broth turbidity. Recontamination was detected after an average time of 3.7 days in the unsealed canals medicated with CG, 1.8 days in the group medicated with CaOH2 and 2.6 days in the group medicated with CaOH2 + CG. When the crowns were sealed with IRM, recontamination was detected within 13.5 days in the canals medicated with CG, after 17.2 days in the group medicated with CaOH2 and after 11.9 days in the group medicated with CG + CaOH2. The group with no medication, but sealed with IRM, showed recontamination after 8.7 days. There were statistically significant differences between the teeth with or without coronal seal (P<0.05). The coronal seal delayed but did not prevent leakage of microorganisms. There was no difference between the various medicaments.
Subject: Anti-infective Agents, Local
Calcium Hydroxide
Chlorhexidine
Dental Leakage
Dental Pulp Cavity
Humans
Methylmethacrylates
Root Canal Irrigants
Root Canal Obturation
Root Canal Preparation
Statistics, Nonparametric
Time Factors
Zinc Oxide-eugenol Cement
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12950574
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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