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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Dual-setting Calcium Phosphate Cement Modified With Ammonium Polyacrylate.
Author: dos Santos, Luís Alberto
Carrodeguas, Raúl García
Boschi, Anselmo Ortega
de Arruda, Antônio Celso
Abstract: alpha-Tricalcium phosphate bone cement, as formerly designed and developed by Driessens et al., consists of a powder composed by alpha-tricalcium phosphate (alpha-TCP) and hydroxyapatite (HA) seeds, and an aqueous solution of Na2HPO4 as mixing liquid. After mixing powder and liquid, alpha-TCP dissolves into the liquid and calcium deficient hydroxyapatite (CDHA), more insoluble than the former, precipitates as an entanglement of crystals, which causes the setting and hardening of the cement. alpha-TCP bone cement offers several advantages in comparison to calcium phosphate bioceramics and acrylic bone cements as bone graft and repairing material, like perfect adaptability to the defect size and shape, osteotransductibility, and absence of thermal effect during setting. The main handicap is its low mechanical strength. Therefore, approaching its mechanical strength to that of human bone could considerably extend its applications. In the present work, an in situ polymerization system based on acrylamide (AA) and ammonium polyacrylate (PA) as liquid reducer was added to alpha-TCP cement to increase its mechanical strength. The results showed that the addition of 20 wt% of acrylamide and 1 wt% AP to the liquid increased the compressive and tensile strength of alpha-TCP bone cement by 149 and 69% (55 and 21 MPa), respectively. The improvement in mechanical strength seems to be caused by a decrease of porosity and the reinforcing effect of a polyacrylamide network coexisting with the entanglement of CDHA crystals. The studied additives do not affect the nature of the final product of the setting reaction, CDHA, but promote the reduction of its crystal size.
Subject: Acrylic Resins
Bone Cements
Calcium Phosphates
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Particle Size
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
Stress, Mechanical
Surface Properties
X-ray Diffraction
Citation: Artificial Organs. v. 27, n. 5, p. 412-8, 2003-May.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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