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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Mono And Double Polar [4 + 2(+)] Diels-alder Cycloaddition Of Acylium Ions With O-heterodienes.|
|Author:||Meurer, Eduardo C|
Eberlin, Marcos N
|Abstract:||Gas-phase reactions of acylium ions with alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds were investigated using pentaquadrupole multiple-stage mass spectrometry. With acrolein and metacrolein, CH(3)-C(+)(double bond)O, CH(2)(double bond)CH-C(+)(double bond)O, C(6)H(5)-C(+)(double bond)O, and (CH(3))(2)N-C(+)(double bond)O react to variable extents by mono and double polar [4 + 2(+)] Diels-Alder cycloaddition. With ethyl vinyl ketone, CH(3)-C(+)(double bond)O reacts exclusively by proton transfer and C(6)H(5)-C(+)(double bond)O forms only the mono cycloadduct whereas CH(2)(double bond)CH-C(+)(double bond)O and (CH(3))(2)N-C(+)(double bond)O reacts to great extents by mono and double cycloaddition. The positively charged acylium ions are activated O-heterodienophiles, and mono cycloaddition occurs readily across their C(+)(double bond)O bonds to form resonance-stabilized 1,3-dioxinylium ions which, upon collisional activation, dissociate predominantly by retro-addition. The mono cycloadducts are also dienophiles activated by resonance-stabilized and chemically inert 1,3-dioxonium ion groups, hence they undergo a second cycloaddition across their polarized C(double bond)C ring double bonds. (18)O labeling and characteristic dissociations displayed by the double cycloadducts indicate the site and regioselectivity of double cycloaddition, which are corroborated by Becke3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) calculations. Most double cycloadducts dissociate by the loss of a RCO(2)COR(1) molecule and by a pathway that reforms the acylium ion directly. The double cycloadduct of the thioacylium ion (CH(3))(2)N-C(+)(double bond)S with acrolein dissociates to (CH(3))(2)N-C(+)(double bond)O in a sulfur-by-oxygen replacement process intermediated by the cyclic monoadduct. The double cycloaddition can be viewed as a charge-remote type of polar [4 + 2(+)] Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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