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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Spectroscopic Evidence For A Preferential Location Of Lidocaine Inside Phospholipid Bilayers.
Author: Fraceto, Leonardo Fernandes
Pinto, Luciana de Matos Alves
Franzoni, Lorella
Braga, Ataualpa Albert Carmo
Spisni, Alberto
Schreier, Shirley
de Paula, Eneida
Abstract: We examined the effect of uncharged lidocaine on the structure and dynamics of egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC) membranes at pH 10.5 in order to assess the location of this local anesthetic in the bilayer. Changes in the organization of small unilamellar vesicles were monitored either by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)-in the spectra of doxyl derivatives of stearic acid methyl esters labeled at different positions in the acyl chain (5-, 7-, 12- and 16-MeSL)-or by fluorescence, with pyrene fatty-acid (4-, 6-, 10- and 16-Py) probes. The largest effects were observed with labels located at the upper positions of the fatty-acid acyl-chain. Dynamic information was obtained by 1H-NMR. Lidocaine protons presented shorter longitudinal relaxation times (T(1)) values due to their binding, and consequent immobilization to the membrane. In the presence of lidocaine the mobility of all glycerol protons of EPC decreased, while the choline protons revealed a higher degree of mobility, indicating a reduced participation in lipid-lipid interactions. Two-dimensional Nuclear Overhauser Effect experiments detected contacts between aromatic lidocaine protons and the phospholipid-choline methyl group. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy spectra revealed that lidocaine changes the access of water to the glycerol region of the bilayer. A transient site model for lidocaine preferential location in EPC bilayers is proposed. The model is based on the consideration that insertion of the bulky aromatic ring of the anesthetic into the glycerol backbone region causes a decrease in the mobility of that EPC region (T(1) data) and an increased mobility of the acyl chains (EPR and fluorescence data).
Subject: Deuterium Oxide
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Freeze Drying
Lipid Bilayers
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Microscopy, Fluorescence
Models, Molecular
Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
Citation: Biophysical Chemistry. v. 99, n. 3, p. 229-43, 2002-Nov.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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