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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Low Protein Diet Confers Resistance To The Inhibitory Effects Of Interleukin 1beta On Insulin Secretion In Pancreatic Islets*
Author: Vieira, E C.
Carneiro, E M.
Latorraca, M Q.
Delguingaro-Augusto, V
Amaral, M E.C.
Bosqueiro, J R.
Boschero, A C.
Abstract: High protein content in the diet during childhood and adolescence has been associated to the onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We investigated the effect of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on insulin secretion, glucose metabolism, and nitrite formation by islets isolated from rats fed with normal protein (NP, 17%) or low protein (LP, 6%) after weaning. Pretreatment of islets with IL-1beta for 1 h or 24 h inhibited the insulin secretion induced by glucose in both groups, but it was less marked in LP than in NP group. Islets from LP rats exhibited a decreased IL-1beta-induced nitric oxide (NO) production, lower inhibition of D-[U(14)C]-glucose oxidation to (14)CO(2) and less pronounced effect of IL-1beta on alpha-ketoisocaproic acid-induced insulin secretion than NP islets. However, when the islets were stimulated by high concentrations of K(+) the inhibitory effect of IL-1beta on insulin secretion was not different between groups. In conclusion, protein restriction protects beta-cells of the deleterious effect of IL-1beta, apparently, by decreasing NO production. The lower NO generation in islets from protein deprived rats may be due to increased free fatty acids oxidation and consequent alteration in Ca(2+) homeostasis.
Citation: The Journal Of Nutritional Biochemistry. v. 12, n. 5, p. 285-291, 2001-May.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2001
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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