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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Role Of Nitric Oxide On In Vitro Human Eosinophil Migration.
Author: Thomazzi, S M
Ferreira, H H
Conran, N
De Nucci, G
Antunes, E
Abstract: Eosinophils purified from the rat peritoneal cavity have been found to contain nitric oxide synthase (NOS) functionally coupled to a cyclic GMP transduction pathway that is involved in in vitro eosinophil migration, but no studies on cell locomotion have been done with purified human eosinophils. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the effects of N(omega) -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; a non-selective NOS inhibitor), 1-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl) imidazole (TRIM; a type I/type II NOS inhibitor), 2-amino-5,6-dihydro-6-methyl-4H-1,3-thiazine (AMT; a selective type II NOS inhibitor), and 1H-[1,2,4]-oxidiazolo[4,3-a] quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ; a soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor) on human eosinophil migration induced by N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP). Human eosinophils were purified from peripheral blood of healthy volunteers using a Percoll gradient followed by an immunomagnetic cell separator. Chemotaxis was evaluated using a 48-well microchemotaxis chamber. The fMLP (1.0 x 10(-7) M)-induced eosinophil migration was reduced significantly by l-NAME (0.1 and 1.0 mM), whereas the inactive enantiomer N(omega)-nitro-D-arginine methyl ester (D-NAME) had no effect. The inhibition by l-NAME was restored by sodium nitroprusside (0.25 mM). The NOS inhibitors AMT and TRIM (0.05 to 0.25 mM each) also markedly attenuated fMLP-induced chemotaxis. Additionally, ODQ (0.01 to 0.5 mM) concentration-dependently inhibited fMLP-induced migration, and the inhibition was restored by 2.0 mM dibutyryl cyclic GMP. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that human eosinophils present a nitric oxide-cyclic GMP pathway that is involved in the in vitro locomotion of this cell type.
Subject: Cell Movement
Drug Interactions
Enzyme Inhibitors
Guanylate Cyclase
N-formylmethionine Leucyl-phenylalanine
Ng-nitroarginine Methyl Ester
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2001
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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