Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/194749
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Absolute Ethanol And 5% Ethanolamine Oleate Are Comparable For Sclerotherapy Of Esophageal Varices.
Author: Meirelles-Santos, J O
Carvalho, A F
Callejas-Neto, F
Magna, L A
Yamanaka, A
Zeitune, J M
Brandalise, N A
Ferraz, J G
Abstract: Endoscopic sclerotherapy is widely accepted as an effective treatment for the eradication of esophageal varices in patients with portal hypertension and a history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of absolute ethanol as an alternative sclerosing agent to the commonly used 5% ethanolamine oleate. One hundred fifty-seven patients with portal hypertension and a history of variceal bleeding were randomly assigned to sclerotherapy with absolute ethanol (n = 66) or 5% ethanolamine oleate (n = 91) between January 1992 and July 1994. Once eradication was achieved, these patients were prospectively followed until September 1998. Sclerotherapy with both sclerosants resulted in similar eradication rates (approximately 90%), with comparable numbers of sessions required for eradication (5.4 and 5.9 sessions for absolute ethanol and 5% ethanolamine oleate, respectively). Similar complication and recurrent bleeding rates were observed among both groups. Sclerotherapy with absolute ethanol is as effective as with 5% ethanolamine oleate in preventing further bleeding in patients with portal hypertension.
Subject: Adult
Aged
Esophageal And Gastric Varices
Ethanol
Ethanolamine
Female
Follow-up Studies
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
Humans
Hypertension, Portal
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Retreatment
Sclerotherapy
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Address: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10805844
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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