Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/194683
Type: Artigo
Title: A avaliação da ciência e a revisão por pares: passado e presente. Como será o futuro?
Title Alternative: The evaluation of science and peer review: past and present. What will the future be like?
Author: Davyt, A.
Velho, L.
Abstract: This article examines the historical antecedents and theoretical, conceptual, and empirical elements of peer review in the field of science. Specifically, it looks at various modalities of peer judgment from its origins within the first scientific associations, in the seventeenth century, to the present. Some of the main developments and chief criticisms of the process are also reviewed. It is argued that the particular forms adopted at each moment and by each institution are the result of historically localized processes of negotiation between different social factors. Changes in context must of course lead to new negotiations, which is what we are witnessing at this moment. The final section is a reflection on what the future (or futures) holds for the peer review system.
Este artigo oferece um apanhado geral de diferentes aspectos – antecedentes históricos, elementos teóricos, conceituais e empíricos – relativos aos processos de avaliação por pares na ciência. Em particular, são revisadas as diferentes modalidades de julgamento por pares, desde suas origens nas primeiras associações científicas no século XVII até nossos dias. Apresentam-se também alguns dos seus desdobramentos e as principais críticas que o processo tem recebido. O argumento que se desenvolve é que as formas adotadas nos diferentes momentos e nas várias instituições resultam de processos de negociação, historicamente localizados, entre atores sociais variados. Conseqüentemente, mudanças nos contexto levam a novas negociações – o que está ocorrendo neste momento. Assim, o final do artigo reflete sobre que futuro (ou futuros) se pode esperar para o sistema de revisão por pares
metadata.dc.description.abstractalternative: This article examines the historical antecedents and theoretical, conceptual, and empirical elements of peer review in the field of science. Specifically, it looks at various modalities of peer judgment from its origins within the first scientific associations, in the seventeenth century, to the present. Some of the main developments and chief criticisms of the process are also reviewed. It is argued that the particular forms adopted at each moment and by each institution are the result of historically localized processes of negotiation between different social factors. Changes in context must of course lead to new negotiations, which is what we are witnessing at this moment. The final section is a reflection on what the future (or futures) holds for the peer review system
Subject: Revisão por pares
Pesquisa - Finanças
Country: Brasil
Editor: FIOCRUZ/Casa de Oswaldo Cruz
Citation: História, Ciências, Saúde--manguinhos. v. 7, n. 1, p. 93-116
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702000000200005
Address: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-59702000000200005
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:IG - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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