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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Interaction Of Benzocaine With Model Membranes.
Author: Pinto, L M
Yokaichiya, D K
Fraceto, L F
de Paula, E
Abstract: We measured the absorption properties, water solubility and partition coefficients (P) between n-octanol, egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC) liposomes and erythrocyte ghosts/water for benzocaine (BZC), an ester-type always uncharged local anesthetic. The interaction of BZC with EPC liposomes was followed using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, with spin labels at different positions in the acyl chain (5, 7, 12, 16-doxylstearic acid methyl ester). Changes in lipid organization upon BZC addition allowed the determination of P values, without phase separation. The effect of BZC in decreasing membrane organization (maximum of 11.6% at approx. 0.8:1 BZC:EPC) was compared to those caused by the local anesthetics tetracaine and lidocaine. Hemolytic tests revealed a biphasic (protective/inductive) concentration-dependent hemolytic effect for BZC upon rat erythrocytes, with an effective BZC:lipid molar ratio in the membrane for protection (RePROT), onset of hemolysis (ReSAT) and 100% membrane solubilization (ReSOL) of 1.0:1, 1.1:1 and 1.3:1, respectively. The results presented here reinforce the importance of considering hydrophobic interactions in the interpretation of the effects of anesthetics on membranes.
Subject: 1-octanol
Anesthetics, Local
Chemistry, Physical
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Erythrocyte Membrane
In Vitro Techniques
Membranes, Artificial
Models, Chemical
Physicochemical Phenomena
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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