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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Bacterial Meningitis In The Elderly: An 8-year Review Of Cases In A University Hospital.
Author: de O Papaiordanou PM,
Ribeiro Resende M,
Oliveira Campos E,
Teixeira Garcia M,
Moretti Branchini ML,
Abstract: The clinical and laboratory characteristics of bacterial meningitis in subjects over 59 years-old were evaluated to establish variables related to prognosis. All patients with clinical and laboratory findings of acute meningitis were included. Sixty-four episodes in 64 patients were registered. S. pneumoniae was responsible for 19 cases (27.5%); L. monocytogenes - 3; S. aureus - 1; S. bovis - 1; S. agalactie - 1 and Corynebacterium jeikeium 1. Gram negative bacilli caused seven cases; two cases were due to N. meningitidis and one to H. influenzae. In 50% of the cases no microorganisms were isolated. The main symptom was fever (67.8%). Headache and neck rigidity were absent in about one-half of the cases and the predominant symptoms were psychomotor agitation, stupor or coma. The presence of concomitant diseases, such as diabetes mellitus (26.6%) and pneumonia (17.2%), were common. The mortality was high (51.5%). This poor prognosis was related to L.monocytogenes (100%), Gram negatives rods (83%) andS.pneumoniae (58%). The univariate analysis showed that absence of headache (p=0.002), presence of coma (p=0.04), pneumonia (p=0.01) and immunocompromised status (p=0.01) were associated with risk of death. The type of the microorganisms isolated in the elderly patients with meningitis were often unusual ones. The clinical symptoms were minimal and in many cases, the only clinical presentation was change in mental status. Poor prognosis was observed in spite of intensive care. A high index of suspicion for meningitis while caring for elderly with changes in mental status must be maintained to avoid delays in initiating appropriate therapy.
Citation: The Brazilian Journal Of Infectious Diseases : An Official Publication Of The Brazilian Society Of Infectious Diseases. v. 3, n. 3, p. 111-117, 1999-Jun.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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