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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Influence Of Polymeric Additives On The Mechanical Properties Of Alpha-tricalcium Phosphate Cement.
Author: dos Santos, L A
De Oliveria, L C
Rigo, E C
Carrodeguas, R G
Boschi, A O
De Arruda, A C
Abstract: Recently, great attention has been paid to calcium phosphate cements, because of their advantages in comparison with conventional calcium phosphate bioceramics employed for bone repairing, regarding in situ handling, and shaping abilities. Nevertheless, the calcium phosphate cements exhibit relatively low mechanical strength. The aim of this work was the improvement of the compressive strength of alpha-tricalcium phosphate-based cement. The hydraulic setting reaction of this system produces a calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite phase suitable for bone repairing: alpha-Ca3(PO4)2 + H2O --> Ca9(HPO4)(PO4)5OH. Mechanical strength can be improved using technological solutions developed for other applications, such as Portland cement and dual-setting glass-ionomers, by using polymeric additives. The additives used in this work were sodium alginate, sodium polyacrylate, and an in situ polymerization system resulting in a polyacrylamide crosslinked hydrogel. Parameters evaluated were setting time, compressive strength before and after immersion in simulated body fluid, density, porosity, crystalline phases, and microstructure. Sodium alginate and sodium polyacrylate were deleterious to both setting time and mechanical strength. When the in situ polymerization system was added, two setting reactions progressed in parallel: the conventional hydraulic reaction and the copolymerization of acrylamide and crosslinking water-soluble monomers. The initial and final setting times of the dual-setting cement were 9 and 35 min, respectively, and they can be regulated varying the initiator, catalyst, and monomers concentrations. The initial compressive strength of the dual-setting cement (6.8 MPa at 0 h, and 15.2 MPa at 24 h) is higher than that of unmodified cement. The major crystalline phase after setting is hydroxyapatite. The dual-setting cement seems to be suitable for clinical applications in bone repairing and remodeling.
Subject: Acrylic Resins
Body Fluids
Bone Cements
Bone Substitutes
Calcium Phosphates
Compressive Strength
Cross-linking Reagents
Glucuronic Acid
Hexuronic Acids
Materials Testing
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Surface Properties
X-ray Diffraction
Citation: Bone. v. 25, n. 2 Suppl, p. 99S-102S, 1999-Aug.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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